Bodhisattva head(菩萨头)

Bodhisattva head(菩萨头)Engraving

Kannon is perhaps the most beloved of Buddhist deities in Japn. Revered since Buddhism came to Japan,Kannon images are extant which date back to the Asuka period(550-650).Kannon is a Bodhisattva who is filled with loving compassion.Rather than enter nirvana after attaining enlightenment,Kannon chooses to remain on earth to help others in securing their awakening. Kannon can assume any of 33manifestations to fit the individual nrrds of the being seeking help.Among the most popular of these forms in Japan are Juichimen Kannon, Senju Kannon,Fuku Kenjyaku Kannon, and Nyoirin Kannon.

In Japan there seems to be confusion as to the sex of Kannon.Early examples appear to be male while later ones have a definite female appearance. Exactly when this change from male to female took place is uncertain.Such a change however .should not be too surprising when it is remembered that Kannon can assume a variety of forms.

Pilgrimages to Kannon temples have been a popular pastime dating back to the Nara period.During the reign of Emperor Kameyama(r.1260-1274),circuits of 33 pilgrimage spots,one for each manifestation of Kannon, were established .Various sets of these circuits exist in Japan today ,and visits to these temples still remain a common expression of faith .

Exactly which manifestation of Kannon is intended in this fead is impossible to ascertain . The peg on top of the head would seem to suggest that a separate high chignon may have adorned the figure . The disposition of the hair would seem to suggest that a separate high chignon may have adorned the figure . The disposition of the hair would also seem to indicate that a crown of some some some sort was  meant to sit on the head . However ,as clues for positive identification , these are of little help ,as they are attributes for several of Kannon’s forms .

The head was originally inserted into a torso most probably made by the assembled block technique , yosegizukuri ,which was popular in the late Heian and Kamakura periods .Judging from the size of the head ,the original image must have been close to life size . The urna ,now lost,was perhaps carved of crystal and inserted into the small ,round , hole in the forehead between the eyes .

The head is absolutely symmetrical in form and is the product of a highly refined technique . Great care went into the carving of the facial features ; the  graceful curve of the eyebrows , the gently protruding  eyelids , the fine nose and the delicate mouth are all the work of a skilled hand.With its eyes cast down ,it is pervaded by a deep spiritual detachment .

就本观音头像的个人看法小议:

这件佛首最美妙的地方就在其眼睛部分。无形中渗透出一种精神,这种精神我也说不清楚,或许就是通常说的祥和端庄,眼神里放射出那种母亲样细腻的东西,能瞬间的抚摸到内心的动,要心迅速安静,就如婴儿那样卧在其怀中,享受其美好的宁静。

这件佛首应该是“平安末期至镰仓时代”的东西。观音菩萨在日本是非常受欢迎的人物,我想这或许和其神态有关,在作为佛教人物里是比较普及的一位,容易使大家信赖,想是其容貌的端庄温和,使人容易在情感上接纳。在观音的性别上也是有很多疑问,我想这是和后来人们的心理需要,对其外形又所改变吧。

本文开始说朝圣观音在日本是可以追溯到奈良和龟山,想想应该是的。

佛教是很有意思的世界。翻译的东西,明天补充上来,其实,在自己的看法中已经有一些是文中的一些内容了。

今天下午到目前一直在巨大的雷声中,雷似乎要把地给踩个洞一样,使劲的砸下来,在我的头顶剧烈的滚动着,这是雷的季节。只是雨量小多了,雷一点也没小,雨还在继续着哗啦啦。。

佛教可以追逆到Asuka飞鸟时代 (550-650) 。佛教中的Kannon(观音)在日本是非常非常受尊敬的,不是仅仅因为其面容的祥和,还有其特有的眼神,眼睛流露出的爱是无限无际的,是弥漫式的。日本喜欢的观音形式是多样的,所以,把观音的外观介于异性化。也可以想到观音所能承担的能力,也就没什么异想了。

朝圣观音庙一直是流行的,可以追溯到奈良period.During皇帝的龟山(r.1260 – 1274),有33个朝圣景点,每个点都有一个观音的特点,没有重复。在此也相应建立了统治。其中一些是依旧存在于今天的日本,人们访问这些庙宇仍然是一个共同的信念表达方式。

这件头像的顶部应该是还有个比较独特的高发髻,(看过日本的一些关于观音的外在形式图,头上基本是发被高高束起,发上镶嵌着一些装饰,很特别。)这点中高发髻或许也是某种位置的象征,这都很难说,毕竟佛教在日本多少被染指点政治的成份在内。

此件佛品前额的小洞应该是件装饰品什么的,现今是遗失了。
头部制作的是相当对称完美,尤其是五官的雕刻精细,看眼睛的上下周变的唇和鼻子的神态,很是传神,仔细看垂下的眼睛,真的是把观音的内在精神与祥和和宽容的豁达大度,表现的淋漓尽致。这是一件很美的作品。

胡乱的意译,算是自己的赏阅留存。我第一眼看见的时候,就决定把书借走。

有机会再去把飞鸟时期的关于建筑的书找来玩玩。。是有意思。

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About leng xuetian(冷雪天)

I am an art lover
This entry was posted in Art Appreciation 艺术鉴赏. Bookmark the permalink.

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