Bodhisattva head(菩萨头)

Bodhisattva head(菩萨头)Engraving

Kannon is perhaps the most beloved of Buddhist deities in Japn. Revered since Buddhism came to Japan,Kannon images are extant which date back to the Asuka period(550-650).Kannon is a Bodhisattva who is filled with loving compassion.Rather than enter nirvana after attaining enlightenment,Kannon chooses to remain on earth to help others in securing their awakening. Kannon can assume any of 33manifestations to fit the individual nrrds of the being seeking help.Among the most popular of these forms in Japan are Juichimen Kannon, Senju Kannon,Fuku Kenjyaku Kannon, and Nyoirin Kannon.

In Japan there seems to be confusion as to the sex of Kannon.Early examples appear to be male while later ones have a definite female appearance. Exactly when this change from male to female took place is uncertain.Such a change however .should not be too surprising when it is remembered that Kannon can assume a variety of forms.

Pilgrimages to Kannon temples have been a popular pastime dating back to the Nara period.During the reign of Emperor Kameyama(r.1260-1274),circuits of 33 pilgrimage spots,one for each manifestation of Kannon, were established .Various sets of these circuits exist in Japan today ,and visits to these temples still remain a common expression of faith .

Exactly which manifestation of Kannon is intended in this fead is impossible to ascertain . The peg on top of the head would seem to suggest that a separate high chignon may have adorned the figure . The disposition of the hair would seem to suggest that a separate high chignon may have adorned the figure . The disposition of the hair would also seem to indicate that a crown of some some some sort was  meant to sit on the head . However ,as clues for positive identification , these are of little help ,as they are attributes for several of Kannon’s forms .

The head was originally inserted into a torso most probably made by the assembled block technique , yosegizukuri ,which was popular in the late Heian and Kamakura periods .Judging from the size of the head ,the original image must have been close to life size . The urna ,now lost,was perhaps carved of crystal and inserted into the small ,round , hole in the forehead between the eyes .

The head is absolutely symmetrical in form and is the product of a highly refined technique . Great care went into the carving of the facial features ; the  graceful curve of the eyebrows , the gently protruding  eyelids , the fine nose and the delicate mouth are all the work of a skilled hand.With its eyes cast down ,it is pervaded by a deep spiritual detachment .







佛教可以追逆到Asuka飞鸟时代 (550-650) 。佛教中的Kannon(观音)在日本是非常非常受尊敬的,不是仅仅因为其面容的祥和,还有其特有的眼神,眼睛流露出的爱是无限无际的,是弥漫式的。日本喜欢的观音形式是多样的,所以,把观音的外观介于异性化。也可以想到观音所能承担的能力,也就没什么异想了。

朝圣观音庙一直是流行的,可以追溯到奈良period.During皇帝的龟山(r.1260 – 1274),有33个朝圣景点,每个点都有一个观音的特点,没有重复。在此也相应建立了统治。其中一些是依旧存在于今天的日本,人们访问这些庙宇仍然是一个共同的信念表达方式。






About leng xuetian(冷雪天)

I am an art lover
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